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The mountain thistle is scientifically known as Acanthus montanus. The perennial herbaceous plant is a native of western tropical Africa. It can grow up to a height of 4 to 6 feet and spreads in 2 to 3 feet of area. It is widely grown in for their attractive foliages and architecturally bold flower spikes.
The Acanthus montanus is commonly known as Mountain thistle. It belongs to family acanthaceae, the plant family which consists of a distinct flowering shrub.
The plant is cultivated all around the world especially in the subtropical regions for attractive foliages and architecturally bold flower spikes.
The Acanthus montanus is a low maintenance plant that grows easily if the minimum care is provided.
Mountain thistle is adapted to forest understory and grassy fields.
The Acanthus montanus grows well when they are planted in the region which gets bright direct sunlight.
However, it can also survive when it is exposed to full shade.
The Acanthus montanus has moderate water requirements.
The soil should be kept moist but not wet. Subsequent gaps must be maintained during watering.
The plant has to be watered regularly when the top 3 inches of soil become dry.
The Acanthus montanus can be propagated by root cuttings which are taken during the onset of spring.
The plant also propagates with the help of seeds, but the probability of survival of plants grown from seedlings is not quite high.
Pruning of part of the plant that has grown in size helps to keep the plant in proper-size.
It is advisable to prune the plant during the growing season only.
The Acanthus montanus grows well without the addition of fertilisers.
But to aid growth, any balanced organic fertiliser that is rich in Nitrogen can be used.