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The Bhumi Amla plant is scientifically known as Phyllanthus niruri. The tropical plant is a native of the coastal areas of India. The annual herb is widely grown in the tropical regions because of its medicinal uses and antiviral properties.
The Phyllanthus niruri is commonly known as Bhumi Amla. It belongs to family Phyllanthaceae.
The plant is also known as the stone breaker or the seed under leaf plant.
The plant is grown in coastal regions and is generally sown during the late April to May.
The Bhumi Amla is a small tropical plant which can grow up to the maximum height of 50 to 70 centimetres.
The Bhumi Amla is a low maintenance plant that grows easily if the basic care is provided.
The plant grows well in a wide temperature range of freezing temperatures to 46 degrees Celsius.
The plant should be always protected from hot winds as it dries out very easily.
The Bhumi Amla is adaptable to any sort of soil. But in order to obtain best results choose soil that is aerated, light in texture and rich in organic nutrients.
The plant prefers well drained Calcareous soil. The pH of the soil can be alkaline, acidic or neutral.
The Bhumi Amla grows well when they are planted in the region which gets bright direct sunlight.
However, it can also survive when it is exposed to full shade.
The Bhumi Amla has minimum water requirements.
The young plants require watering in a time lapse of 10 to 15 days.
The plant shows tolerance to drought and lack of water.
Drip Irrigation shows more effective results.
The Bhumi Amla grows well without the addition of fertilizers. The plant has no specific requirement of Nitrogen, Phosphorus or Potassium.
However, any organic fertiliser that is rich in Nitrogen can be used in appropriate quantity to aid growth.
Organic manure is preferred over organic fertilisers.
The Bhumi Amla is a medicinal plant grown all across India. It has hepatoprotective, antiviral, anti-inflammatory, anti-cancer, anti-diabetic and anti-bacterial characteristics.
According to clinical researchers, extracts of the herb reduces urinary calcium and risks of stone formation.
Amla is also used as a flavouring agent in sauces, candies, dried chips, jellies and pickles.