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Black Guava is a tropical tree grown mostly in the regions of India and South America. These are an inexpensive and attractive tree. The botanical name of the plant is Psidium Guajava. They belong to the family of Myrtaceae.
Black guava is a self-fruiting tree so it doesn't require much maintenance.Use iron sulfate or nitrogen-rich fertilizers only when the plant is lacking with micronutrients.
The flowers are around 1 inch in size with 4 to 6 in the diameter. The plant is easy to grow.
Black guava requires full and direct sunlight to grow. Being a tropical tree, it requires a temperature of 35 degrees F to 37 degrees F to grow.
The guava tree reaches up to the height of 12 to 15 feet if grown in the ground cover, they will be smaller in size if grown in the container.
They are adaptable to a wide range of soil from sandy soils to loamy soil. Make sure you maintain the ph level of the soil. They prefer ph ranging from 5 to 7 and can tolerate alkaline soil up to 8.5 as the ph.
Black guava requires ample of water during their growing season; around 2 cups of water daily. Once they are mature enough to yield fruits reduce the amount of water, around 3 cups of water thrice in a week.
The fruits are usually oval and pear-shaped.
They have a pungent smell which spreads easily everywhere. The fruit is usually black or purplish in color with pink flesh and seeds in the center.
They bloom and yield for the entire year except in summer.
The plant yields best in organic fertilizers rather than in synthetic fertilizers.
Use compost and cow manure twice in a week during their budding season. You can also apply a thick layer of organic mulch around the base of the guava tree to support their roots.
While re-potting, mix sand and Neem oil together in the soil to have textures soil.
The plant is prone to scales and whiteflies. Bees and ants are also attracted towards the fruit.
Use insecticidal soap to prevent the plant from the attack of bugs. You can also sprinkle some boric acid around your black guava to get rid of the ants.
Feed the insecticides once in a month.
Also prune the plant around twice or thrice in a month to prevent unnecessary fungus and bacterial infections.
The plant has various health benefits.
The fruit is used as an ingredient for culinary purposes. They are used in drinks and desserts.
It is believed that black guava can improve heart rate and controls the risk of cancer.
It is also said that having black guava fruit twice in a week improves immunity and treats diarrhea.