Black Sandalwood is semi-tropical evergreen tree. The plant requires extreme care during their budding year and will be independent once they are mature.
The plant can be propagated via seeds or by tissue culture. Plant 3 to 4 seed inside an 8-inch ground cover and feed with moderate amount water and sunlight.
The plant needs plenty of sunshine to grow. They require temperature ranging from 15°C to 40°C.
Black sandalwood cannot tolerate frost; make sure you keep them covered during the winters and provide the bright sunlight. They require direct sunlight to grow. Afternoon sunlight for 3 to 4 hours would stimulate the growth of the plant.
Black sandalwood grows under the condition of poor soils. Moderately well draining soil should be used instead of a complete well draining soil. You should avoid gravelly soils which are shallow or saline. They cannot tolerate alluvial soils as well.
Black Sandalwood requires slightly alkaline soil with ph value of 6.5 to 7.
The average height of the plant is around 28 to 30 feet.
The foliage is long, thin and semi ovate in shape.
Black sandalwood requires moderate amount water. Water them lightly.
Water them in two to three weeks especially if they are placed under hot climatic conditions. Avoid watering during the rainy season and try to remove excess water from the tree basin.
The soil should always be moist and never waterlogged.
Drip irrigation works efficiently for black sandalwoods.
Black sandalwoods are used for medicinal and cosmetic purposes so it would be better if you use organic fertilizer.
Use cow manure and red sand in the ratio of 2:1. Fertilize the plant around 8 to 9 times in a month, especially if they are in their budding season.
Feed the plant with fertilizers rich in phosphorous, macronutrients and potassium.
Black sandalwoods are usually prone to mealy bugs and beetles. The bark of the tree is usually affected by beetles.
Use beetles repelling pesticides. If your budding plant is affected by pests then; the best way to get rid of them is by removing the beetles manually from the stem.
Feed the plant with a mix of Neem kernel and water. Use organic pesticides as possible; if you feel that the pests are devastating the plant rapidly then use chemical fertilizer immediately.
The flowering happens from the 3rd year of the plantation and the blooming time is between mid February to April. They bloom purplish color flowers
It is believed that black sandalwood can cure dysentery and burns. Apart from this, sandalwood seeds are also used in making of jams and pies.
They have a fragrant aroma. The plant is commercially used for its bark and fragrant oils. Sandalwoods trees provide a lot of profit; as they are expensive as compared to other wood types.
The plant is also used as a cosmetic substitute. Some use it as a mask to have a glowing skin while some use it as a shampoo.