Calla lilies are mostly grown outdoors as a decorative plant. The plant is quite charming because of its funnel-shaped pink flowers which make them a perfect ornamental plant. They are also known as Trumpet lily or Lily of Nile.
It is easy to grow the plant.The plant is native to South Africa but was found mostly as pond plants in the US. The plant adds sparkle to your garden. It is a low maintenance plant.
A trick to keep the bloom fresh for weeks is by keeping the plant warm and fertilizing it during the flowering season.
The petite flowers elegantly twist around and end at a delicate point. While the leaves are long and dark green heart-shaped in feature and are frequently found with white spots.
Calla lilies are highly toxic and poisonous. If consumed they can cause serious burning and swelling of the throat. They can also cause diarrhea. It is best to keep them away from the reach of the children.
The average height of the plant is about 7 to 8 inches.
The plant can be cultivated with the rhizomes. Pot them with a fresh soil of 1 inch. You can also propagate calla lilies by planting them from seed.
They require compost rich well-draining soil. The soil should contain organic matter and peat moss in it.
Don't use clay soil for the plant as those are less aerated. Make soil sandy or perlite to provide quick drainage.
Calla lily requires full sun for 5 to 7 hours of the day and some partial shade during the heat. Keep the lilies away from scorching heat. They can't bear temperature more than 30°C and drafting winds; hence it is better to bring them indoors or dig the bulbs deeply if outdoors.
Calla lily is not a drought tolerant plant. They need 2 to 4 cups of water regularly. Reduce the amount of watering during the winters.
But make sure you don't make the soil too soggy. Calla lilies should never be allowed to dry out completely.
The flower comes in varieties of colors. Some of the colors are Pacific pink, yellow, hot chocolate, orange, dark green etc. Feed the plant with diluted liquid phosphorous fertilizer as it is a flowering plant.
The flowers bloom in late spring for about five to six weeks.
During the blooming season feed the calla lilies in every two weeks with low nitrogen fertilizers. Use granular fertilizers if you are planting your lilies outdoors. Once the plant has started blooming leaves, feed it once in a month with a diluted fertilizer.
Add a layer of mulch to keep the plant free from weeds.
Pests like mealybugs and spider mites affect the flowers during the bloom. Certain beetles also feed on the inner side of the foliage. Get rid of them by applying organic insecticides twice in a week.