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Considered as the oldest medicine of the world, peppermint plant has a number of medicinal usages and is known for that. Also known for being a hybrid mint that is something between spearmint and watermint this plant has many other benefits. It is cultivated in many places in the world. Occasionally it is also found in wild along with the parent species.
It is a perennial herb and it is hardy. The scientific name of this plant is Mentha piperita and it belongs to the family of Lamiaceae. It is an indigenous plant from the Middle East and Europe. Though the plant was treated like a species by Carl Linnaeus in 1753 it is today widely accepted as a plant which is hybrid. Thus it is a rhizomatous herbaceous perennial plant.
It is very easy to grow the peppermint plants.
The plant must be removed from its position and placed to some new area every four or three years for a better growth of the plants.
These plants spread a lot that is why they are planted in containers or in the garden with plastic or wood edging.
Watering must be done on a regular basis accordingly so that the plants remain wet as the plants need a lot of water to grow.
Often the plants growing near ponds and streams grow well as they are naturalized by the water bodies.
Well-drained soil is needed for the growth of these plants that can retain moisture in the soil as the plants prefer to remain and grow well when wet.
The plants grow healthily in rich soil near the ponds or the streams.
The plant grows healthily under full sun to partial shade and the average temperature preferred by the plant for its growth is around forty three degree Celsius.
The blooming period of these plants are the months between July and August.
The plants grow up to a height of one foot to two feet.
Application of any kind of organic fertilizers helps in the healthy proliferation of these plants.
These plants have ornamental usages.
Fresh leaves of peppermint which are dry are used as herbs in like herbal teas or are used alone.
For flavouring,peppermint is used in chewing gum, ice-cream, toothpaste and confectionary.
Peppermint oil is used in reducing itching problems, nerve pain and muscle pain.