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The sacred barna tree or Varun tree is a famous Ayurvedic herb that can grow up to a maximum height of 25 metres. The sacred barna tree, scientifically known as Crataeva nurvala belongs to the family Capparaceae. It is native to India, China, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, Burma, Thailand, Cambodia, Laos, Indonesia, and Malaysia. It is widely grown for its medicinal uses.
The Crataeva nurvala is famously known as the sacred Barna plant. It hails from the Capparaceae family.
The Barna tree is native to India, China, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, Burma, Thailand, Cambodia, Laos, Indonesia, and Malaysia and is widely grown for its medicinal uses.
The Barna tree is a medicinal herb that can do well with minimum maintenance.
The plant produces greenish-yellow flowers during the months of April and May.
The plant long tap roots so well dug, loose and well drained soil should be preferred during its plantation.
The Sacred Barna tree is valued a lot for its medicinal importance. It can grow up to a maximum height of 25 metres.
The sacred Barna tree should be exposed to full sun for perfect growth.
The plant is considered ideal to be grown in a region that receives bright sun for a long duration.
The sacred Barna tree has moderate water requirements.
The plant should not be allowed to stand in water as it leads to root rot.
Subsequent gaps must be maintained during watering the plant.
Diluted fertiliser can be also supplied during watering but care must be taken that the fertiliser does not concentrate at the base of the plant.
Any organic fertilizer should be applied regularly to the plant to aid the growth of the plant.
A balanced mixture of N-P-K is considered appropriate for this purpose.
It is advisable to feed the plant sparingly as over fertilization may lead to breaking of the stem during fall.
According to the Ayurvedic medicine system of India, the sacred Barna tree is believed to possess anti-inflammatory, diuretic, lithontriptic, demulcent and tonic properties.
In some parts, it is cultivated as an ornamental plant too.