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Thai Basil is an evergreen perennial which grows all around the year. It belongs to a species of Ocimum basilicum. It has many uses such as medicinal uses and used in food in many of the countries in Asia. It can also be grown as a decorative plant by plant enthusiasts.
As a medicinal plant, it doesn't need much care and it is fast growing. If not grown for ornamental purpose, then it might need to be pruned well. Cut the flowers off the plants so that the plant can concentrate on leaves other than the flowers and so many leaves can be obtained.
Thai basil prefers soil that is lightly moist, slightly acidic, well-drained and rich in organic matter, such as compost. It basically needs to be planted in a warm soil and it doesn't last cold weather.
It needs a good amount of water during its growth period and the watering amount varies with climatic conditions as it needs lots of water during summer and less during winter. If over watered the plant may die due to the rotting of the roots and if not watered properly, the flowers and buds may become dull and fall.
The plant needs lots of lighting for its proper growth during early stage and growth stage. Though it can tolerate shady lighting, it does its best in good sunlight.
The flower of the plant is a small maroon coloured flower and if it is grown for using it in dishes, the one should probably pinch the flowers so that all the nutrients go to the leaves.
This plant grows to a height of 45 centimetres and spread up to maximum of 1 metre which also can be grown inside.
This plant can grow well with organic fertiliser and it needs to be fertilised every week for better growth. It does not need fertiliser but for cooking and medicinal uses, to make the plant grow fast, fertiliser can be used. For ornamental purposes, there is no need for the fertiliser.
By bruising the leaves and inhaling their aroma, Thai basil can be used in aromatherapy treatment. It can be used for relieving stress by bruising and rubbing beneath the eyes and on the forehead. This plant is used in many dishes for cooking purposes. They infuse with vinegar or oil to make an exciting flavour and can do well any type of Non-Veg items including chicken, beef or pork and it is also used to make tea.