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Alocasia Amazonica or Amazon Elephant's Ear is rhizomatous from the family Araceae
Alocasia plants are also known as elephant ear plant; are good companions for the mixed container plants. The name comes from the oversized rendered foliage of the plant resembling elephant ears. They belong to the family of caladium.
These are herbaceous perennial plants i.e they don't have a woody stem.
They are native to the regions of Southeast of Asia.
Alocasia requires filtered sunlight and moist soil to grow. These are easy to grow and maintain.
These are easy to move houseplants. If you feel that the foliage of the plant is wilting or drooping, then adjust the amount of light and water. Staking might also support the plant.
There are around 70 species of Alocasia. Each species has different textures, colorful veining, and arrowheads.
Green Alocasia is mostly grown as houseplants as they are small in size with a distinctive appearance.
The hybrid of the plant is highly popular as an ornamental house plant.
The plant likes well-drained moderately fertile soil. Elephant ears are suitable in the humid climate, so make sure that the soil is humid and aerated to have a nice growth.
The plant likes saturated soil. During the winters let the soil dry out completely before watering the plant.
Elephant ears grow best in indirect bright sunlight. They require a moderate amount of exposure.
Sprouting of elephant ears happens after 4 to 8 weeks from planting. They sprout in warm weather.
They require ample of water to grow. 3 to 5 cups of water should be regularly supplied to the plant. Cut short the supply during the winters.
They can grow up to 3 feet long but most of them are smaller in height.
The plant can spread from 3 to 10 feet inside the groundcover.
Alocasia can be propagated by rhizomes or root stem cuttings.
The flowers of elephant ears are creamy white in color. They rarely bloom.
Elephant ears are poisonous. If ingested it may cause serious skin irritations and indigestion, so it is best to keep them away from the reach of children and pets.
Feed the elephant ear with certain Epsom salts around the base to maintain the micronutrients in them. Feed them on a monthly basis
In case the plant has completely gone dormant, then stop fertilizing and watering it. The plant will bloom in a 2 to 3 months again.
Feed the elephant ear with balanced diluted fertilizers in the beginning of the spring.
Fungal and bacterial leaf diseases are some of the common problems to the plant. They feed on the sap and roots. Besides this, the plant is affected by bugs and scales.
Spray the mix of insecticidal soap twice a day to get rid of them.
You can plant them in your backyard or in the patio or in your backyard such that they are protected from strong drifting winds. They are used as an ornamental plant.