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Aloe Vera is a common multipurpose plants known for their medicinal properties. They belong to the family of Asphodelaceae.
Aloe Vera is a multipurpose plant. These are attractive houseplants with thick and variegated leaves. They can be planted inside the container. The foliage fans out from the center and are broad with spiky edges.
It has varieties of uses from cosmetics to medicinal purposes. The plant is prominently used economically for exporting the gel and foliage.
The common ayurvedic name of the plant is Kathalai.
The botanical name of the aloe vera is Aloe Barbadensis.
Aloe Veras are succulents. They do well under dry conditions with moderate rainfall. These are easy to maintain. Use a pot with plenty of drainage holes as they would give more aerated space and would enhance the draining capacity of the soil.
The leaves of the plant are not edible but the gel is useful for various purposes.
Aloe veras can be propagated by cuttings and divisions.
Prune the plant once in a week during their blooming season.
They require bright partial sunlight to grow. Warm weather is suitable for the plant.
It is best to plant them under south or east facing the wall. You can keep them under the afternoon sunlight where it receives direct sunlight for 4 to 6 hours.
Plant the aloe vera in a cactus potting soil mix. Aloe veras are amazing succulents; hence they require cacti mix with additional perlite and a well-draining potting mix.
The average height of the plant is around 1 to 2 feet.
Let the soil dry out between the watering. Water the plant with 4 to 5 cups of water alternately. The soil should be moist in texture but should drain well.
The plant cannot tolerate stagnant water.
It is rare that the plant bears flowers. In case they are bearing it then they must be light yellowish white in color. They bloom in summer up to 90 cm tall.
Fertilize the Aloe Vera routinely during the spring. They do not need to be fertilized throughout the year.
Use phosphorous-heavy-water based fertilizer which is in diluted form.
Aloe Vera is prone to mealy bugs and scales. The symptom that the plant is affected with scale includes sticky sap with black fungus around the area.
Use insecticidal soap or Neem oil to cure the plant. For greater results, spray insecticides once in a week for a month.
Make sure you allow the water to drain and supply a limited amount of water as the plant is water sensitive. They may die if the draining of water has not happened properly
Aloe Vera works as a magic gel for skin irritations. They are useful for treating acne, burns, infections, frost bites etc.
They can naturally treat depression and asthma. Apart from this aloe vera boosts the immune system. They can fight against zinc deficiency. A Recent study by scientist shows that aloe vera has the capability to treat diabetes.