Ashwagandha or 'Indian Ginseng' is a perennial shrub native to India which is known for its medicinal properties. These plants grow well outdoors but can also be grown in containers under certain conditions. It is a very useful plant as most parts of the plant are vested with medicinal properties. It helps in relieving stress and also cures various ailments.
Ashwagandha trees grow well under direct sunlight. Therefore they should be planted in a sunny part of the garden. The ideal temperature for the growth is 20 degrees Celsius to 35 degrees Celsius.
These plants are drought resistant. Therefore, they should be watered only when the soil is dry.
These plants grow well in a soil which has good water drainage capacity. Sandy soil is best-suited for the purpose. The pH should be maintained at 7.5-8.
These plants do not need much fertilizing. Compost or manure can be applied near the roots. An organic fertilizer can be used to accentuate growth.
The seeds should be planted when the temperature is around 20 degrees Celsius. They should be planted 2cm deep and 10cm apart.
The plant is occasionally attacked by pests like spider mites. The plant may also suffer from leaf spot, stem rot and leaf spot. Overwatering causes root rot.
The leaves of this plant are long and elliptical. They are of yellowish green colour. The Ashwagandha plant bears tiny bell-shaped flowers which give way to orange-red berries.
Ashwagandha is harvested 150-180 days after bloom. The soil should be moist while taking out the roots. The berries are separated from the roots and the roots are left to dry.
Ashwagandha is a beneficial plant. According to Ayurveda, it is said to have medicinal properties which help to cure debility, anaemia, and impotency. It also improves our immune system.