The Banana plant is well known as a fruit-bearing plant all over the world. It comes from the genus Musa and belongs to the family of Musaceae.
Banana plant has a sweet fruit, which is consumed almost in all parts of the world, given a few exceptions.
The species of Musa, from which the Banana plant comes, are said to be native to tropical Indomalaya and Australia. It was first domesticated in Papua, New Guinea.
Now, the Banana plant has reached 135 countries, including all major ones on the list.
The Banana plant is seen to be growing as a tree, but it is not a woody one. The part of the plant, which seems to be the steam, are actually huge leaf stalks.
Therefore, technically the Banana Plants are giant perennial herbs, which can grow up to 5m in height.
However, the plants vary in height according to circumstances. The dwarf Banana plants can grow 2.7m to 3m tall.
The Banana plant is a perennial plant which grows fast. It is not an ideal houseplant but can be grown outside in a garden.
The basic requirement to grow a Banana plant is space. It needs a lot of space to thrive and grow. It should be planted in such a place, where it has enough area to grow properly.
The level of watering required to grow a Banana plant is not very high.
Moderate watering routine should be maintained. Not too much, but not too less water, is what the plant needs.
The Banana plant needs full sunlight to thrive and grow.
The sunlight helps the plant to remain in proper health and produce fruits in proper time.
The soil used to plant a Banana tree should be well drained. Good drainage is essential.
The plant should never be allowed to sit in water for long. Therefore, such soil is required, where water gets drained in time.
The plant can be fed with fertilizers once in awhile. Organic fertilizers are preferred for a Banana plant.
Avoid using chemical fertilizers, when growing this plant in a garden. Chemicals in such fertilizers can cause damage to the fruits of the plant and make them unfit for consumption.
The fruits of this plant, known as bananas, differ in shape, size, and colours. The fruits can be green, yellow, brown, red or purple in colour, according to their variety.
Generally, the fruits are sweet in taste. They are also used for the propagation of the plant.
The fruit of the Banana plant is a widely consumed fruit, which has certain nutritional value. Other than that it is also used to make banana wine and banana beer.
Some bananas are also used for the purpose of cooking. They are generally known as Plantains, and they are different from the ones which are eaten as a fruit.
The steam of the plant is often used as a fiber.
Various parts of the Banana plant also have medicinal values.
Few ornamental Banana plants are planted indoors. They not only produce edible fruits but can be used for the purpose of decoration.