Technically a berry and not a fruit, the grape plant belongs to the flowering plant genus Vitis. Grapes can grow in both tropical and temperate climates.
The vines will require some sort of a support medium to grow. You can build a trellis or just a simple wooden stick could be used. With a little attention to watering, fertilizing and pruning you can ensure a good yield year after year.
The plant prefers a lot of bright direct sunlight in fact even some amount of afternoon light wouldn't hurt it. Plant it in a sunny area, in a spacious outdoor garden or if it's in a container then place if close to the window.
The fruiting season starts in early summer. Fruits grow in clusters and can have different ripening times. Prune the vines to maintain their shape and size. Pruning should be done mid- winter, towards the end, as the vines are dormant then.
Water the plant once or twice every week. More frequent watering is required during the growing season. Make sure not to over-water however as water-logging is not healthy for the plant.
The most preferable soil is a well-drained loose soil which is rich in organic matter. Sandy loam, silt loam and clay loam soils are good options. The pH of the soil should be in the range of 5.5 to 7.0.
The average height of the plant ranges from 1.5ft to 8ft. Make sure leave a good amount of space for the vines to spread.
Fertilizer should be low in nitrogen but high in potassium and phosphorous. Use Farm Yard Manure too. Fertilizing should be done after pruning.
The plant can occasionally get infested with flea beetles, mealybugs, leafhoppers and thrips etc. Common grape diseases include mildew and bacterial spots. Appropriate pesticides should be used.
The plant will add a dramatic flair to your garden. The fruits are edible and are eaten directly or made into juice, wine, raisins, vinegar, grape seed oil etc.