Calendula is a perennial herb known for its medicinal purpose. It also known as pot marigold. It is popular for its beautiful yellow-orange flowers. The foliage is dark bottle green in color that grows up to the height of 20 to 24 inches. They belong to the family of Asteraceae.
They do not require a lot of maintenance it can grow under any basic conditions. The flowers are large and elegant, can be a great addition in your herb gardens.
The plant is known for its flower. The flowers are lively and bright yellowish orange in color. They resemble to daisies.
The mature diameter of the flower is around 3 inches. They proffer herbaceous aroma which enchants various bees and butterflies to your garden. They bloom from the early summers to frost
Calendula can be grown in full sun to partial shade conditions. If you are planting it outdoor then grow it under a location that has a cooler temperature; a place which receives filtered sunlight.
Give 6 to 8 hours of filtered sunlight to the plant. While in winters, provide direct sunlight to the plant for 5 to 6 hours.
The average height of the calendula is around 20 to 24 inches. Keep a space of about 34 inches for the plant. They can be grown in the containers or outdoors as they have long-lasting blooms.
Calendulas can tolerate low watering. You can water the calendula with a watering can or by drip irrigation method.
The plant has medium water needs. Give them around two and a half inches of water once in a week.
They need a well draining loamy soil. Add a lot of manure and slurry into the soil before planting it. You can also use sandy soil rich in phosphorous. Keep the soil moist but make sure it is not soaking wet.
They need a ph of 5.5 to 7 for growing.
Calendula does not require a frequent feed of fertilizers. Feed the plant with an all-purpose fertilizer to have lush of bloom. Add control release fertilizers like 16-8-16 around two teaspoons once in two months. To promote the health and flowering of the calendula add 2 inches of compost in the soil before the spring.
Remove any weeds growing near calendula to maintain the consistency of the soil.
The plant is used for culinary purposes. The petals of calendula flowers are used as a yellow coloring in butter and cheese. They are used in salads and stews. The flower is also used in many cosmetics. It is believed that they can stimulate our immune system and can cure menstrual cramps. Sometimes it is also used as a substitute for saffron while cooking.
The flowers are edible and taste slightly bitter. It is also said that the plant has insect- repellent properties.
The plant itself helps in keeping off pests and insects but at times calendulas are prone to whiteflies and powdery mildew. The plant enchants aphids and bugs. You can control the insects by spraying water on the flowers and foliage of the calendula.
Remove any foliage affected with powdery mildew. They cause powdery like infection on the foliage.