Pampas grass is a flowering plant native to South America including the Pampas region from where it gets its name. It is a highly adaptable plant and can grow in various climatic and environmental conditions. The name Cortaderia comes from the Spanish-Argentinian language in which it means 'cutter' alluding to the sharp-edged leaves of the plant and Selloana from a German botanist and naturalist, Friedrich Sellow who worked as a plant collector in Brazil.
The plant doesn't require much attention. It is easy to grow.
Although full sun is perhaps most ideal, the plant can grow in various conditions including partial shade. A minimum of six hours of sunlight is good for the plant.
The foliage of the plant is dark green to variegated green to yellow in colour. It has beautiful fluffy stalks of silvery white to creamish plume-like flowers that grace the plant from late summer to winter. The plant should be pruned to the ground each year to control its growth. You can do the same by burning it.
The plant does not require frequent watering. It is quite drought-resistant and prefers dry conditions. Let the top few inches of the soil dry out before watering.
The plant has no specific soil preferences except that it is well-drained. It can even grow in dry, nutrient-poor and saline soils.
The average height of the plant is about 10 ft to 13 ft. It spreads about 6ft.
Pampas grass requires little or no fertilizers. You can feed it with a balanced fertilizer after pruning or right before the flowering season so that the plant produces better blooms. Water the plant before fertilizing.
It has no major pests or diseases. However it can be invasive and self-seed. The plant is quite flammable too.
It has sharp edges so it can be used to build a fence. The flowers can be dried and used in flower arrangements. The plant makes for great specimen plant and can be grown in groups to create a dramatic effect or as a privacy screen.