Costus Malortieanus plant also known as stepladder ginger. This is a tropical plant native to Costa Rica and Nicaragua. You can find this perennial plant on the south-west coast of India. This is widely used as an ornamental plant. They belong to the Zingiberaceae family. They are said to be useful in treating cardiovascular diseases.
The ginger flower is one of the most beautiful flowers in the world.
This is a low maintenance plant. It is clumping in nature with the vines and stems growing towards the propagation of light.
Usually, they grow at a temperature of 22-26 degrees.
You can grow this plant on your patio or in a pot if indoors.
The plant needs partial sunlight. 5 to 6 hours of direct sunlight would be sufficient for the plant. Do not provide direct sunlight to the plant. They prefer subtropical climate. If you are growing it indoors then make sure to keep it in a bright room. The plant may start getting weak if not provided proper sunlight.
Moist well-drained soil. The plant wants balanced Ph level of the soil.
If your soil has lower ph then you can improve the condition of the soil by adding some calcium carbonate or dolomite to achieve balanced Ph. Keep the soil moist but not make it wet. The plant could become healthy from the weekly feeding of manure and compost.
Moderate amount of water requirements.
5 to 6 cups of water would be sufficient. The plant does not like wet feet. Do not overwater them it may lead to decaying of the plant.
The flowers are yellow and red in color. They resemble cone shape. They bloom during the autumn or summer. The flowers attract a lot of hummingbirds and sparrows.
They look adorable if grown indoors. The plant has the spreading ability so if you are growing it indoors then make sure you grow it in concrete or porcelain pot so that the walls do not break.
The plant reaches up to the average height of 8 feet. They have small prickly thorns in them. The flowers are huge with 6 to 7 cm long.
The plant needs seasonal fertilizing. Make sure you fertilize it before the spring season to promote fuller growth. Choose a container with vast space if you are planting it indoors.
Add a pinch of fertilizers on the tips when the vines are budding.
Besides being an ornamental plant it has a various medicinal use. You can use as a treatment for asthma and diabetes.They also work magically in treating your intestinal worms
The oil of the stepladder ginger is also used in making perfumes and medicines. They are a common food ingredient in Indian cuisine. They are the best component to use for digestion.
The plant can get subjected to bacterial wilt or fungal infections. The wilt makes the leaves of the plant grey in color
They start to curl up and defoliate. The plant can also get affected by leaf spots especially between the months of July and August
You can use the baking soda solution or spread thick mulch over the soil to get rid of the leaf spots.
The most basic solution to getting rid of the wilt is to remove the infected part from the soil as they spread easily. Feed the soil with fertilisers and fungicides; clean the soil thoroughly or use a fresh one.