Native to Africa, Cyperus Papyrus is an aquatic flowering plant belonging to the family Cyperaceae. It is a tender perennial herb. In ancient Egyptian civilization, the papyrus plant was used for paper, boats, woven goods, food, medicine and fragrance.
The plant is easy to care for. Only care to be taken is that the plant should never be under-watered as it is originally a water plant and does well in pond and lake regions. With proper watering your plant will grow fast, to be large and spectacular. The very large varieties might need support when they grow taller.
The plant can be grown in full sun to partial shade. They need protection from strong winds. You can place them near a window so that they receive ample sunlight throughout the day. Proper sun exposure keeps the stem stiff and rigid.
The plant consists of green slender stalks, each bearing a small light brown flower-head which give way to brown nut-like fruits. The stalks rise up from thick woody rhizomes. The active growing season is in the warmer months.
The plant requires frequent watering. It is one of the very few houseplants which do not get damaged by over-watering. It does well in slouchy soil with a pH of 6.0 to 8.5.
It is very adaptable as far as soil is considered. The plant can even bear boggy, slouchy soil conditions where most houseplants die. Soil should be rich in organic content. It can be rooted in water. Wet soil can sometimes give off a stale stagnant smell; try adding charcoal to the soil if such a problem occurs.
It can grow up to 4m to 5m high but is usually shorter when grown as a houseplant. The plant is also known to spread so plant it in a large container. You can control the size by pruning. Re-pot the plant when the container seems overcrowded.
Feed the plant with a half weakened balanced liquid fertilizer once a month during spring. Water the plant before fertilizing to prevent fertilizer burn.
It is resistant to most pests and diseases. If the plant doesn't seem health check for pests like mealy bugs and black fly. Use insecticidal soap spray and neem oil.
The plant can be grown as a specimen plant as a centrepiece. It is a great addition to water features as an ornamental plant or even as a privacy screen. It will add an elegant and exotic look to your garden.