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Native to New World tropics from Mexico to the West Indies to south Argentina, Dieffenbachia is a tropical, broad-leaved foliage plant with thick succulent stems.
Native to New World tropics from Mexico to the West Indies to southern Argentina, Dieffenbachia is a tropical, broad-leaved foliage plant with thick succulent stems. It is one of the most popular houseplants.
They are easy to care for. But always remember to keep it out of the reach of children and pets because ingestion of leaves or sap from the plant can cause swelling of tongue and vocal chords which will hinder your ability to speak and render you mute or dumb for the time. Hence the name Dumb cane.
The plant prefers indirect sunlight. It's a tropical plant so it grows faster when sunlight is present. If growing as a houseplant, rotate the plant regularly to make sure that each side of the plant receives light. Best growth will be achieved in bright indirect sunlight.
Dieffenbachia has a very unique kind of flower consisting of a green spathe and an off-white spadix. Sometimes a berry-like fruit will develop. However, it seldom flowers indoors and even then the blooms are not showy. The main attraction is the foliage. The plant has large variegated green leaves.
Water thoroughly till the base of the plant; then wait for at least 2 inches of topsoil to dry out before watering again. The plant prefers a moderately moist soil but not overly wet. Do not over-water the plant and use a container which has drainage holes.
Use a rich, loose, well-drained soil. The soil should retain moisture but never be too wet. Slouchy soils lead to root-rot in the plant. A layer of mulch will help maintain soil moisture.
The plant can grow up to 5ft in ideal conditions. As a houseplant it is mostly shorter. You can control its size by pruning. Pruning also keeps the plant bushy and stops it from being leggy.
Dieffenbachias are considered to be heavy feeders. Feed the plant with a houseplant fertilizer high in nitrogen and low in lime content. Fertilize once a week during springtime. You can cut back to twice a month in the winters. Fertilizing the plant will result in better growth.
Check the plant for spider mites and aphids. Treat with insecticidal soap spray and neem oil immediately.
Dieffenbachia is a perfect living decoration for your home or office. They give a lush, tropical look to your house.