Moringa Oleifera is the binomial name of the Drumstick. It is one of the famous vegetable crops you will find in south India. The plant can yield up to 220 pods per year.
They belong to the family of Moringaceae. It is believed that it was originated in India.
Oleifera is one of that plant whose all components are of use-whether it's the roots which is used as an oil or it is a foliage, used as salad.
The plant is a fast-growing plant with high nutritional values. The best place to grow a moringa is in your yard. Moringa needs space as they spread around and grow tall.
Moringa grows up to the height of 32 feet to 40 feet around the trunk. The pod measures about 7 to 20 inches. The diameter of the trunk is around 45 cm.
The plant bears white and off-white color flowers. They are small and tender. The flowers are edible. People usually use it in the seasoning of the salads and in the brewing of their curries.
The plant is drought tolerant. The plant will be perfectly fine if it is supplied with less amount of water.
The average amount of water with 2 to 5 cups daily would be enough for it. If you feel that the soil is drying up then feed the moringa with pure water.
Do not overwater the moringa. Drumsticks adapt variedly according to the environment. So water the plant accordingly.
If the climate is dry and there is a shortage of water then water the plant during the starting months and then when the Moringa is suffering from extreme dryness.
Moringa Oleifera requires around 7 hrs of sunlight. They love sunshine. Don't plant it in the extreme windy areas as the plant can split into pieces and harm the surroundings.
The plant is not a water lover so a well-draining soil would be perfect for it. The soil with ph range from 6 to 7.4 will be suitable. Provide loamy soil to prevent root rot.
Fertilize the Oleifera every six months. You can feed them with a potting mix of nitrogen phosphorous and potash nutrients. The fertilizers need is very limited. You can add manure and compost to enrich the soil.
Drumstick is one of the favorite ingredient used by the South Indians in their cuisine.They are prominently used in their culinary to create delicious food. They include medicinal uses as well.
It is believed that they are helpful in reducing inflammation. It is said that they can cure the urinary problem, asthma, eye diseases and cough.
The seeds of the drumstick generate Ben oil which is used as lubrication for watches. The oil is also used in the production of perfumes.
Drumsticks require dry climate hence is not subjected to pests. Although there are caterpillars which mostly infest the plant.
Apart from this, the plant can also get subjected to grasshoppers, whiteflies and flower thrips. They affect the plant mostly in the winters-around December and January.
You can manage it by removing the affected buds damaged by the caterpillar. Sprinkle some vinegar or eucalyptus water on the plant to prevent mites on the plant.