Vitis Vinifera is a native to the Mediterranean region, Central Europe, and South Western Asia.
Its most common seedless variety is Table grapes.
Other seedless of the self-pollinating grape varieties include red flame seedless, crimson seedless, green thompson seedless and black concord grapes.
The seedless grape vines are very easy to grow.
It is suggested to soak their roots for 2-3 hours in water before planting.
The plants are to be planted at a distance of 6-10 feet from one another. These plants require a support system. A sturdy fence or trellis should be placed in the soil before planting or very soon after planting. The best time to plant grapevines is early spring.
Pruning during spring is recommended. Most of the shoot should be trimmed in the first growing season leaving only 2-4 to grow. Continue pruning branches which have already produced fruit.
Proper watering is essential for young plants.
New Grape plants need more water than established vines, hence, regular watering; once or twice a week is suggested.
For established vines, water should be efficient to wet the soil and maintain proper moisture levels.
Well-drained soil is preferred for its growth.
Depending on the grape variety a pH between 5.5 -7.0 has to maintain for optimal growth.
sandy loam, silt loam, and clay loam soils are preferred.
Keep weeds under control during growing season.
These plants can tolerate high temperatures.
It is preferred to plant them in full sunlight or partial sunlight.
These plants require a hot and dry climate where temperature lies between 15-40 degree Celsius.
The flowers are usually seen in May/June (Beginning of the growing season) and are usually green or yellow in colour.
The plants are usually 1.5 to 8 ft in length and have a climbing tendency.
These plants require little additional fertilizer as they are deep-rooted.
If the dark green colour of the leaves starts to fade, add fertilizer.
You can use any organic fertilizer or compost.
Most common are fungal diseases like black spot, powdery mildew etc.
It is essential to clean up around the vines after pruning as old plant material can harbor fungal spores.
Protect the food crops with bird netting as they approach ripeness.
It reduces the risk of obesity and heart diseases.
It is recommended to those with high blood pressure as it negates the effects of sodium in the body. It keeps our body hydrated and maintains regular bowel movements.
Consuming grapes may help to alleviate allergic symptoms including running nose, watery eyes and hives because of anti-inflammatory effects of quercetin.