Guava is a small tropical tree which bears delicious fruits that are popular all over the world. The guava tree is a hardy tree and can be grown in containers quite easily. The Guava or the Psidium guajava is easy to grow at home and has excellent benefits. Besides bearing edible fruits, the plants help in curing various diseases too. Due to their hardiness, it is not very difficult to grow them in containers.
Guava trees are easy to care for. They need a good amount of sunlight and need to be mulched properly. Pruning and fruit thinning are also necessary for a healthy plant.
Guava trees are tropical. Therefore they like full sunlight. If the plants are being grown in containers then they need at least 6 hours of sunlight daily. However, the containers need to be brought inside in the afternoon.
The ideal temperature for germination of guava seeds is 20-28 degrees Celsius. The mature trees can bear temperatures up to 6 degrees Celsius. However, it should be noted that these plants are not frost tolerant.
The mature guava trees are drought tolerant. They can even survive with minimum water. However, the young plants need regular watering to grow. Preferably, the soil should be kept slightly moist throughout the lifetime of the plant.
The guava tree can adapt to almost any kind of soil ranging from clayey to sandy soil. A loose, well-drained soil which is rich in organic matter and is slightly acidic is ideal for the growth of this plant.
During the growing years of the guava plant, a 6:6:6:2 [N P K Mg] fertilizer should be used. When the tree becomes mature, the ratio should be changed to 8:3:9:2.
The guava trees often suffer from iron deficiency. This can be cured by feeding the plants with chelated iron.
On an average, the guava tree grows to a height of 5-6 meters. However, with proper pruning, it may grow up to 3m.
Pruning involves cutting back of dead leaves and branches. It also included cutting of branches which do not let the sunlight penetrate. During the growing season, fruit thinning should be practiced.
Guava plants bear fruits which can be eaten raw or can be used to make jams, pickles etc.