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Hibiscus is a common houseplant known for their flowers. They are easy to grow and requires very less maintenance. They belong to the family of Malvaceae.
Hibiscus belongs to a flowering genus of Malvaceae family. They come in a comes in a variety of species ranging from annual to perennial plants with a difference in flowers and stem. They are a popular plant in home gardens for their ease to grow and the beautiful flowers.
They are easy to grow and moderate maintenance plant. They can be planted in any containers. Hibiscus requires ample of water, moist soil and high humidity to grow.
Water them daily during the summer. Excessive watering can lead to dropping of hibiscus. Let the soil dry out between the watering. Water the plant with 4 to 5 cups of water alternately. The soil should be moist in texture but should drain well.
The plant cannot tolerate stagnant water.
Sprinkle certain iron and magnesium-rich fertilizers while re-potting the plant. Also feed them regularly with organic fertilizers. Feed the plant with potassium compost once in a week during the blooming period. You can also feed hibiscus with a slow release fertilizer as they require a lot of nutrients to grow. Cut short the amount of fertilizers during the winters.
They require bright to partial sunlight to grow. Hibiscus requires temperature from 20 to 30°C to grow. Warm and cozy weather is suitable for the plant. You can keep them under the afternoon sunlight where it receives direct sunlight for 5 to6 hours.
Hibiscus requires coarse soil to grow.
Hibiscus grows well in root bounded containers. They require a little amount of space to grow.
The flowers are bright orange in color attracting various birds and bees. They are one the best ornamental plant to have in your backyard. The diameter of the flower is about 7 inches and they bloom in late summer.
The average height of the plant is around 1 to 2 feet. Hibiscus should be planted with a space of 4 to 6 feet apart as they spread widely.
Hibiscuses are prone to Gall midge. It is an insect which feeds on the buds turning them yellow. Use appropriate insecticides targeted to the pest.
Other pests, particularly thrips affect the plant, causing them to decay and fall. Use organic pesticide once in a week to prevent them
Hibiscuses are edible flowers. Most probably they are used for culinary purposes. Some people use it making jams, tea, and pickles. They are rich in minerals and vitamins and are often used for garnishing.
Apart from this, the plant has various medicinal purposes. They can help in treating skin infections and burns. The flowers are prominently used in removing dandruff and as a natural hair dye.