The Indian almond also called the Sea almond or tropical almond is a popular plant which yields the delicious almond or 'Badam'. These trees are native to the Middle East and South Asia. Growing these trees at home might be a little difficult but the effort is worth it your tree grows to be both beautiful and full of usefulness.
The first and foremost concern about the plant is watering. These plants are very sensitive about watering. Mulching the plants will increase its growth rate. There are many types of almonds. It is prudent to buy the ones which yield sweet nuts.
These plants need to be kept under full sunlight. They have no qualms with the strong sun and actually enjoy the bright light.
These plants need a lot of water. They should be watered regularly. Make sure that the soil is moist at all times but not soggy.
During planting the seedlings, the soil should be generously watered keeping in mind not to rot the seeds.
The tree grows well in well-drained, sandy soil.
Fertilizers can be used in appropriate amounts to help in the growth of the plant. Small doses of nitrogen can be used for young trees while 2 pounds of urea or 30 pounds of manure can be applied once for the grown trees.
Direct application of the fertilizer can harm the trees. Therefore, the plants should be watered to pacify the effect of the fertilizer.
The pruning should be done during the winter season. Any dead branches of the plant should be removed immediately. To prune branches, a cut has to be made at the base of the branch using garden clippers.
It is better to use seedling to grow an almond tree. The seedling is to be planted at the end of winter or in spring. If multiple trees are being planted ten there should be space between to plants to allow them to grow in girth.
If you are trying to grow the plant from the seeds then it required more effort. Firstly, soak the seeds overnight in water. The next day, the nuts should be cracked open slightly and then they should be planted an inch or two below the soil. If you see any rotten seeds while cracking the nutshell, they should be thrown away.
Fruits are not be expected before 5 years.
Overwatering causes root rot.
The fruit and seeds of this plant are edible. Oil can be extracted from the seeds. The extract of the leaf has anti-diabetic properties. Ethanol leaf extracts also display analgesic and anti-inflammatory properties.
This tree is quite popular in parks or gardens as they shade a large area.