Lemon balms are also known as Melissa Officinalis, they are a perennial herb. They belong to the family Lamiaceae. Lemon balm is native to central Asia and Iran. The leaves of the lemon balm plant have the scent of lemon and thus the name. They prove are useful in culinary and also are used as mosquito repellents.
Growing lemon balm plant is very easy. A trick to keep your plant protected from fungal infections is to water them in the morning then in the evening. They require a well-draining soil with rich nutrients. Lemon balm requires a large container to grow in a more aerated way.
They can grow in full direct sunlight to partial shade. Plant your lemon balm where it can receive at least four to five hours of sunlight. 3 to 6 hours of sunlight or a sunny position is sufficient for the plant.
Water your lemon balm regularly with 2 to 4 cups of water, so that they do not dry out. Although make sure that your soil is not soggy or overwatered.
Don't let the soil dry out completely. They require soil with the ph value ranging from 6.7 to 7. Lemon Balm mostly prefers neutral soil (ph value around 7 to 7.5) and make sure you mulch them during the extreme days of summer.
The average height of the lemon plant is around 24 to 36 inches.
Usually lemon balm blooms with white color flowers which are full of nectar. They attract a lot of bees and butterflies. They bloom from June to August.
Don't over fertilize your lemon balm because then the plant would start to lose its scent. You can use light liquid base fertilizer in every couple of weeks for your lemon balm.
Fertilize your lemon balm once in a week during their growing period to have a jam-packed growth of the plant but you need to make sure that the container in which you are planting it is wide enough to accommodate the spread of the plant.
Prune the plant once in three weeks as the plant grows hastily. Make sure you remove the dead leaves and branches from the base of the plant to get rid of infections and ant attacks.
They are used for culinary purpose. The mint leaves are commonly used in teas and potpourris. They are used as essential oils and are prominently used as an insect repellent. They also improve your appetite and encourage sleep. Growing them as a houseplant will not only spread the tang of the leaves but the cherry on the top would be year round supply of lemon scented leaves.
The plant is prone to parasitic wasps and powdery mildew. The plant itself is an insect repellent plant. Rubbing them on your skin helps you prevent from mosquitoes.