Lemongrass biologically, known as Cymbopogon, is a genus of Asian, African, Australian, and tropical island plants in the grass family.
Lemongrass is cultivated usually as culinary and medicinal herbs.
Commonly they are known as barbed grass, gavati chahapati, tangland or fever grass.
Lemon grass needs all time moist bed to thrive. So, the soil in which it is grown should never be allowed to dry out.
Though it needs a moist bed, excess moisture rots the soil which leads to a deficiency of nutrients.
Soil with a good drainage and good organic matter is best suited for lemongrass cultivation as waterlogged soil hinders its growth.
Also, it can be grown from rich loamy soil to a poor laterite.
Lemongrass dwells well in a warm and frost-free environment, minimum six to eight hours of sunlight is needed for its healthy growth.
Hence, keep this plant outdoors for better growth.
Lemongrass grows up to an average height of 3 to 8 feet and 5 to 8 feet wide.
Lemongrass which is an ornamental plant and cultivated usually for household and medical use, needs a water-soluble fertilizer rich in nitrogen, once in a week during summer and spring, when its growth is maximum
As it goes into a dormant state in winter, no fertilizer is needed.
Also, for chemical-free cultivation homemade manure is considered best.
Lemongrass is very easy to cultivate. There are no serious diseases or pests that attack this plant and hinder its growth.
The best time for harvest is the summer, mature outer stalks can be harvested throughout the summer. What you need are gloves, shears, and knife.
Also, the damaged or dead stalks can be trimmed throughout the year.
Lemongrass has vast health benefits.
It contains elements which help in preventing cancer, lowering cholesterol and coping with high fever and cold.
It also, helps in dealing with high blood pressure, stress, acne, pimple and menstrual problems.
Lemongrass repotting is very simple. You just have to tilt the plant and pull out the root balls. We have to be a little careful if the plant is root bound.
Once the plant is out, divide the root ball into two or three sections using trowel or knife. Some grass should be attached to every segment. Prepare a new pot with a drainage hole for each section.
Lemongrass doesn't need a lot of maintenance as it is attacked by very few diseases and pests. So, there is no need to spend on its pesticides or other fertilizers. Also, what they need for their healthy growth is homemade manure. So, overall it is a low-maintenance crop.