Orange is a popular Citrus fruit all over the world. Though it is usually grown in orchards, treating it as a houseplant and growing it in a container is hardly a hassle. Growing orange trees in pots are the best way to protect them from frosts. All they need is adequate sunlight, water and the right kind of soil.
The best orange trees to grow in containers are:
During the cold months or frost, the orange tree must be brought inside and covered with a double layer of blanket and plastic. They are to be uncovered as soon as the harsh weather has passed.
The plants will need pruning and repotting frequently.
A spot should be chosen for the plant that is sheltered from the northern wind.
The plants must be kept in a place which is sheltered from the northern wind and gets lots of direct sunlight. The plants must be brought inside if the temperature drops below 25 degrees Fahrenheit.
The plants must not be overwatered. They should be watered only when 1 inch of the soil from the top is dry.
A potting medium with good drainage capacities should be selected to plant these plants. A light mixture of peat moss, perlite and vermiculite are ideal as a potting medium as long as it drains well.
A vitamin B1 rooting tonic can be used for fertilizing the plant during planting. After that, a slow release fertilizer should be applied every spring. The fertilizing should be stopped within July.
First of all, an appropriate container should be selected for potting the plant. Though a standard 5-gallon pot is enough, bigger pots are better for growth. The pot must have drainage holes and must have drainage properties. A layer of gravel or rock should be added at the bottom to accentuate drainage. Then some of the soil mixes is to be added before the sapling is planted. The rest of the soil mix is used to fill around it.
The plants may outgrow the pot every 3-4 years. In this case, the plants should be repotted using a fresh potting mix.
Pruning involves simply cutting off the leggy branches of the plant. From time to time, the gardener might also need to trim the roots (about one-quarter of the roots should be cut off). After trimming the roots, they should be repotted with fresh potting mix.
The orange plant bears the popular citrus fruit, the orange in the winter. Oranges can be eaten directly as a fruit or can be used to bring flavour to any food.