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Parjat or Parijatak is a mysterious fragrant flower. Some may call it the night-flowering jasmine while sometimes it is called as a tree of sorrow.
Parijat parijatak Harshringar is a mysterious fragrant flower. Some may call it the night-flowering jasmine while sometimes it is called as a tree of sorrow.
The botanical name of the plant is Nyctanthes arbortristis. They belong to the family of Oleaceae.
The parijatak is the official flower of West Bengal.
Practically this is a low maintenance plant but it needs attention occasionally. They need a temperate climate and humid soil.
The average height of the Parijat is around 10 cm. It grows as a small shrub spreading 5 to 6 feet under the ground cover. The leaves of the plant are small with 2.5 to 6 cm broad and around 4 inches long.
Moderate amount of water is required by the plant. The plant cannot tolerate overwatering. The parijat will die with root rot. Feed the plant with periodic watering. Water the parijat around 5 times in a week.
2 to 3 cups of water would be sufficient for the plant.
The plant can be provided with full to partial shade. They require at least 6 hours of direct sunlight.
Don't provide an excess of exposure to it cause they would start getting grey in color.
A moist soil usually with a mix of sand and peat moss is suitable for the parijatak.
They need a well-draining soil as they can't stand still water.
Parijat flowers are also known as the Night-flowering jasmine as they have a mysterious feature in them. The parijataka flowers bloom during the night and then fall off with the first rays of morning sun.
They have a strong aroma in them. The flowers have five to nine petals around the core. These are usually off-white or white in color with orange tint color in the middle of the flower.
The blooming period is usually from the month of August to November.
Parijatak is an annual plant thus feed the plant with fertilizers as soon as they begin their growth in spring.
Water the plant properly and make the soil damp so that the plant absorbs the most amount of feed.
Water soluble fertilizers which remain for 3 to 4 weeks in the soil can be used.
Fertilizers which are rich in phosphorous can be helpful for the parijat as it produces a bountiful of flowers every year. Make sure you prune your plant in every 4 to 5 weeks
A lot of unwanted pests affect the parijatak. You may find black vine weevils. They eat the foliage and reside on the soil of the plant.
Use pesticides which can control this creature and monitor the plant to prevent bugs and aphids from affecting the flowers.
It is believed that Parijat can cure arthritis and sciatica.
The seed of the plant secrets an essential oil which is eminent in the manufacturing of perfumes.
The flowers are used in the incense stick as they possess strong fragrance in them.