Buy Black Pepper Plant (Piper Nigrum) + Basic care, Watering, Soil and Light Info
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Black Pepper Plant

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A native to South India, Piper nigrum is also extensively cultivated in other tropical regions like Brazil, Myanmar, Vietnam and Indonesia. Piper nigrum is difficult to grow, as it requires a lot of care and attention.

Price 269.00/-
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Buy Black Pepper Plant (Piper Nigrum) + Basic care, Watering, Soil and Light Info

Brief Description

A native to South India, Piper nigrum is also extensively cultivated in other tropical regions like Brazil, Myanmar, Vietnam and Indonesia.

It is specifically found in Western Ghats of Kerala state in India, where it grows wild in the mountains.

It is the most popular, expensive and essential spice of the world and hence, it is also called "Black Gold"

Basic Care

Piper nigrum is difficult to grow, as it requires a lot of care and attention.

Soak your black pepper seeds for 24 hours prior to planting. Keep the seeds on the soil surface and tamp them. Make sure that the seeds are 3 inches apart from each other.

Spray water to keep the soil moist and warm for at least 30 days, until the seeds germinate.

Once the seeds sprout, keep them in indirect sunlight.

Transplant once they are4-6 inches long in a pot or outside.

Mix compost and sand soil before planting.

If planting in a pot, make sure that the pot is large enough as these plants have an adventitious root system, they spread a lot.

Watering

Piper nigrum needs moist soil to grow.

Make sure to give the pepper plant plenty of water to keep the soil slightly moist always.

Do not allow the soil to dry out between watering spells.

Soil

Fertile and medium clayey soil that retain slight moisture is ideal to grow black pepper plants.

Ensure good drainage in the soil as waterlogged soil can damage the plant.

Maintain the soil pH between 5.5 and 7.

If the soil is too acidic, add lime and if the soil is too alkaline, add sulfur.

Lighting

Black pepper grows in dappled light.

When grown as a house plant it needs moderate light.

It does benefit from some direct sunlight but excessive sunlight can damage the plant.

If planting in sunny areas, use a shade cloth that filters the sunlight to minimum 50%.

Fertilizer

Low to moderate fertilization with a balanced fertilizer is suggested.

The Black pepper plant can be fertilized in two ways;

First, you can apply a soluble or liquid fertilizer every two weeks when you water,

Second, you can use a granular organic fertilizer and sprinkle it on the top of the soil.

If your plant is being grown under high light and high temperatures then increase the fertilizer. If your pepper plant is grown under lower light and temperature levels, then decrease the fertilizer. During the winter months stop fertilizing the plant until warmer temperatures and higher light levels resume in spring.

You can also apply cow manure or compost per year on a mature plant so that the soil remains rich in nutrients.

Flowering

Black pepper plant yields small white flowers at the leaf nodes.

The flowers form pendulous spikes and then small, round, green peppercorns are formed in chains, which ripen to red.

Peppercorn fruit

Both green and red peppercorn fruit are usually found at the same time on the plant.

The peppercorn can be picked depending on the variety of peppercorn you desire.

If you desire black and green pepper, harvest the green peppercorn.

If you desire red and white pepper, harvest the peppercorn when it is red.

The pepper fruit is usually harvested before maturity and dried in the sun.

Pests and Diseases

Black spots on the backsides of the pepper leaves are totally normal, do not remove them.

They are a part of the plant's physiology and they don't harm the plant.

In cool and wet conditions, the plant is susceptible to root diseases.




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