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Pilea Microphylla is a popular ornamental plant with an interesting foliage. It belongs to the family of Urticaceae.
Pilea Microphylla is short-lived houseplants native to Central America. These plants are pretty to look at and are evergreen but might be invasive in nature if not properly pruned. The plants get the name Artillery plant from their nature to forcibly eject the seeds from their pods when the frond is touched. In its native country, the plant is called Frescura.
The small, bright green leaves are very beautiful to look at. Therefore it has become a much sought-after addition to many gardens.
These plants do not need much care other than pruning. Pruning is necessary to keep the plant in shape and to keep its invasive nature in check.
These plants prefer bright but indirect sunlight. They can be kept in partial shade. Even if they are kept under bright light, the plants should be protected from the direct rays of the light.
The plants do not need much water. They should only be watered when the soil is dry.
The plant prefers rich organic soil which has good drainage properties.
The plants should be fertilized monthly in spring and summer using a half-strength solution of liquid house-type fertilizer with an N-P-K ratio of 3:2:1 .
These plants need regular pruning as they are quite invasive in nature. Pruning involves pinching off the tips of new branches and cutting off the unnecessary branches.
Mealybugs often attack the plants. Use an appropriate pesticide to kill them off.
They are mainly used for ornamental purposes. They also have medicinal uses as these plants are antimicrobial and an anti-oxidant.