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Sitaphal or Annona Squamosa which is most known for its delicious fruit sugar apple is a small semi-deciduous tree or shrub native to the tropical America and West Indies.
Annona Squamosa which is most known for its delicious fruit sugar apple is a small semi-deciduous tree or shrub native to the tropical America and West Indies.
They grow to about 10-20 feet in height with crisscross twigs.
They grow in almost any kind of soil but cannot withstand cold weather.
These trees are frost intolerant, it should be taken care that the temperature is maintained between 73 to 94-degrees fahrenheit.
To increase the speed of germination either scarify the seeds or soak them in water for close to 3 days before sowing.
It requires medium amounts of water.
In the growing stage, it may need to be watered once a week whenever the soil gets dry.
In flowering stage, it is better to water every 3-5 days to ensure that soil retains moisture.
In winters, however, watering it every 3 or 4 weeks would do.
Almost all kinds of soil works with this plant, except very dry or waterlogged soils. So a well-drained soil would be suitable.
The plant is shallow rooted and hence deep soil would be unnecessary.
A slightly alkaline soil is preferred.
It is a tropical tree and grows best in full sun or partial sun.
When grown in pots, it is advised that it is exposed to natural sunlight for at least 6 hours.
These trees flower typically during the summer or early summer.
These flowers are bisexual and act as male and female at different parts of the day.
Hand pollination can be done to increase the rate of pollination.
The Annona Squamosa tree grows about 10-20 feet in height.
Flowers are present as a bunch of 3 or more flowers.
The leaves are about 6-8 inches
The fruit (sugar or custard apple) is about 2.5 to 4.5 inches long.
The 2-8-8 fertilizer is used to fertilize the plant, it is a water-soluble fertilizer suitable for fruit plants.
It has to be done every 6-8 weeks to ensure good growth in the flowering stage and has to be stopped after the fruit is picked.
The tree can be maintained at a height of 10 feet by cutting or clipping off the extra long branches to get a proper shape, but only in the early spring season.
It is very important to maintain humidity in the soil to make sure the plant flowers in drought conditions.